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According to ophthalmologists, the visual acuity of a newborn is extremely low (0.005 – 0.015). In the first months of life it gradually increases to 0.01 to 0.03, at the age of 2 years it rises up to 0.2 – 0.3 and only at 6-7 years it reaches 1.0.

Regular visits to an ophthalmologist are very important. In order to identify congenital diseases (cataracts, retinal tumours – retinoblastoma, glaucoma) and inflammatory diseases the first examination of the child should be done in maternity. It is mandatory to examine premature born babies to exclude retinopathy of prematurity and optic nerve atrophy. The first year of life is a period of intense development, so visits to the ophthalmologist should be done at six months and at one year.

The novel device available at Optisan Clinic offers real-time following information:

  • Measurement of eye refraction;
  • Corneal reflex analysis (symmetrical or asymmetrical);
  • Measurement of pupil diameter in both eyes and pupil distance;
  • Build up the eye-fixing image.

A unique feature of this autorefractometer is the ability to obtain accurate refractive binocular measurements at a distance of 1 meter without pupil dilation. Measurements are performed simultaneously in both eyes. The device can be used in children of all ages, including children with nystagmus and in non-cooperating patients.

The technique of measurement of the autorefractometer is based on dynamic photoskiascopy (infrared radiation). Infrared radiation is harmless to the child’s eyes; it is present in the day light and is invisible to a human eye.

During the examination, the infrared rays are projected onto the retina through the pupil. Depending on the refractive error, the reflected light generates a bright image inside the pupil.

A medical exam resembling a game!

Diagnosis in children, especially young children, has always been more difficult. Unlike an adult, a kid cannot meet all the doctor’s requirements. He revolves his head, rarely stays quiet, and cannot focus his sight for a long time.

All measurements completed with the new generation autorefractometer are performed in an interactive way, resembling a game: the camera generates a special sound, catching the attention of the child, and the screen displays a smiling face. The procedure lasts just a few seconds, it is non-contact, so that the child does not get tired and does not feel any discomfort.




Regular visits to the ophthalmologist are as important as regular vaccinations and visits to the pediatrician. Unfortunately, the brief examination of the ophthalmologist at the polyclinic, kindergarten or school is not always able to provide a complete idea about the child’s eye health. The fact that you do not have vision problems does not guarantee that your child will have a good vision. Opposite, myopia in one of the parents may not affect the child’s vision. However, it is advisable to consult a specialist.

Outdated technologies for testing visual acuity by means of wall chart are still used in hospitals, kindergartens and schools. Such a test does not provide a satisfactorily complete condition of visual health, as sometimes a latent myopia or a hypermetropia, which in several cases requires optical correction, may be overlooked.

The Optisan Clinic offers a comprehensive diagnosis of the visual system, a consultation of an ophthalmologist with experience in pediatric ophthalmology, able to properly assess the condition of the child and, if necessary, initiate an effective, individualized treatment. New Generation Computerized Diagnostic Devices used in the Optisan Clinic for examining children provide a very high accuracy of the data obtained.

Diagnosis in children, especially young children, has always been more difficult. Unlike an adult, a kid cannot always meet all the doctor’s requirements, often cannot accurately assess his perception and may give unclear answers. Therefore, the devices used in diagnosing children are designed in such a way that the test results do not depend on the precision of the child’s actions.

It is important to note that methods of investigation and diagnosis for children, used at Optisan Clinic are based on modern non-contact equipment. If during the exam the doctor reveals some vision problems, the child will receive the indispensable treatments and will be closely monitored.

Measurement of refraction is performed with autorefracto / keratometer. Currently there are special autorefracto / keratometers for children; these do not require exact eye fixation and even follow the movements of the eye. These devices measure both the refraction of the entire optical system and the cornea (one of the natural lenses of the eye) separately, which is very important in case of astigmatism.

Modern diagnosis entails examination of the eye fundus with pupil dilated. New generation drugs, harmless and easily tolerated, are used for the dilation of the pupil.

The Optisan Clinic offers an early diagnosis of eye disease, providing the opportunity to start treatment as early as possible when the disease has not yet had a significant impact on eye function.




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