In order to have results in treating amblyopia, refraction errors (one of the causes of amblyopia) should be treated properly.
Checking the patient’s visual acuity and correct establishing of diopters are key elements in starting amblyopia treatment.
Dr. Alexandru Dimitriu, a specialist in ophthalmology, provides useful information about the correct treatment of refractive errors in children and vision recovery until school age.
The ophthalmologist may, following a consultation, detect amblyopia at an early stage or prevent it if it has not yet been established.
In most children, amblyopia is hard to diagnose. The importance of periodic, timely consultations at an ophthalmologist is of major importance in establishing the diagnosis. The role of parents is crucial in the early diagnosis of ophthalmological disorders in children.
Amblyopia is partial or complete loss of vision in one eye caused by conditions that affect the normal development of vision. These conditions include strabismus, in which the eyes are crossed inward or turned outward and anisometropia, in which there is a major difference in refractive error between the two eyes from nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism. Less common causes of amblyopia include ptosis (drooping) of one eyelid, disease of the cornea (preventing light from entering the eye), congenital cataract, and injury to the eye of a young child.
The video below shows the causes of amblyopia and the importance of its early diagnosis.
Amblyopia or “lazy eye” is a widespread disorder, encounting about 3-5% of patients.
The percentage of diagnosis depends largely on socio-economic factors, in urban areas the disease is more commonly diagnosed than in rural or low-income regions, due to attendance of the patients to the ophthalmologist and accessibility of special care.
The disorder is characterized by a poor performance of one eye or, sometimes, of both eyes. Although the eye is perfectly normal from the anatomical point of view, the image that is formed in the brain is not the correct one.
The absence of binocular vision will have a strong impact on the harmonious development of the child with amblyopia, because seeing is the sense by meaning of which the child mostly contacts with the environment, learns, develops, and orientates himself in space.
Dr. Alexandru Dimitriu explains what is amblyopia how spread is it.
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